The Global Partnership Initiative on Effective Triangular Co-operation was founded in 2016 in Nairobi by Mexico and Canada, with the support of the OECD, during the Second High-level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC). Subsequently, Japan and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) joined the core group of the GPI, still in 2016.

The GPI was created to provide a platform for the exchange of experiences, challenges, and tools to work more effectively in triangular co-operation. Since its creation, more than 50 additional countries, international organisations, civil society organisations, representatives from the private sector, and research institutions have joined the GPI and contributed to its three work streams: advocacy, analytical and operational.

The GPI core group held its first meeting in Mexico City in May 2017, followed by a briefing for a broader audience in June 2017 in Paris. The Ibero-American Programme for the Strengthening of South-South Co-operation (PIFCSS) joined in 2017, and later that year, in November, the GPI had its first side event at the Global South-South Development Expo in Antalya, Turkey, where the UN Office for South-South Co-operation officially joined the core group.

The year 2018 was dedicated to preparing for the Second UN High-level Conference on South-South Co-operation (BAPA +40) and the GPI met twice, back-to-back to the fourth international meeting on triangular co-operation in Lisbon (May 2018) and the Global South-South Development Expo in New York (November 2018), where it had a side event again. During the second LAC-DAC Dialogue on Development Co-operation (Paris, February 2019), Chile joined the GPI core group.

BAPA +40 in Buenos Aires (March 2019) was a milestone event for triangular co-operation and the GPI. For the first time, both the GPEDC and a GPI are mentioned in an official UN document – the BAPA +40 Outcome Document. The GPI organised a side event at BAPA +40, which was very well attended, and launched its first report Triangular Co-operation in the Era of the 2030 Agenda – Evidence and case stories from the field. At the GPI core group meeting in Buenos Aires, the group agreed on the need to get professional support to further develop its activities and implement its mandate, including by having a focal point to manage the GPI.

Following BAPA +40 and as a result of its work, the GPI advanced a set of Voluntary Guidelines, grounded in evidence and the findings of the report during the senior-level meeting of the GPEDC in New York in July 2019.

At the same time, the GPI actively contributed to and promoted its work during side events of the G20 Development Working Group (DWG) in Buenos Aires (2018), Tokyo (January 2019), and Riyadh (December 2019).

Furthermore, the GPI core group met at the margins of the fifth international meeting on triangular co-operation in Lisbon (October 2019) to discuss how to follow the mandate it received during BAPA +40 and support in implementing the ambitious BAPA +40 Outcome Document. To do so, all core group members agreed that a focal point was needed to implement its Action Plan 2.030, which was discussed during the core group meeting, presented to a broader audience during the Lisbon meeting, and agreed in February 2020.

The GPI focal point started on June 2020 and has been since then coordinating the work of the core group, liaising with GPI members, and fostering the implementation of the Action Plan 2.030. The GPI organised the Virtual Meeting of the GPI Members in July 2020. To celebrate the UN Day for South-South Co-operation, the GPI organised the Webinar “Strengthening Partnership and International Solidarity through Triangular Cooperation: One year after BAPA+40 and during the COVID-19 times”, in September 2020. The webinar brought together almost 100 participants from across the globe.

The GPI core group has been working to implement the GPI Action Plan 2.030, engaging with GPI members, and supporting the activities of the three workstreams – advocacy, analytical and operational.

The African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) and the Norwegian Agency for Exchange Cooperation (Norec) joined the core group in October 2020 and May 2021, respectively.

Summarising, from 2016-2021, the GPI has evolved from a small initiative spearheaded by a few committed countries and organisations to a truly global initiative and platform, receiving strong support and political backing at the highest level. The BAPA +40 Outcome Document provides fertile ground for the GPI to grow and strengthen its function as a global “one-stop-shop” for triangular co-operation, implementing its ambitious Action Plan 2.030 and maintaining its global relevance and visibility.

Multi-Colour Triangles arranged in an S

We bring development stakeholders together to ensure that triangular co-operation initiatives are effective, country-led and involve inclusive partnerships for sustainable development.


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